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Biochar production from palm oil mill residues and .

Biochar production from palm oil mill residues and .

Biochar production from the palm oil mill residues was carried out in a laboratory-scale quartz-fixed bed reactor. The schematic diagram of the apparatus for the fixed bed pyrolysis process is shown in Figure 1. The reactor (90 cm in length and 30 mm in inner diameter) filled with 20 g of biomass was placed in the electric furnace.

US8083900B2 - Removal of water from bio-oil - Google Patents

US8083900B2 - Removal of water from bio-oil - Google Patents

A process and system for separating water from bio-oil by using a partial condenser. The process comprises partially condensing vapor conversion products from a biomass conversion reaction to produce a water-rich overhead stream and a water-depleted stream comprising condensed bio-oil. The partial condenser removes a substantial portion of the water from the bio-oil, while providing an .

Simulation of the Condensation and Fractionation Unit in .

Simulation of the Condensation and Fractionation Unit in .

The condensation and fractionation unit design affects the quantity and quality of the liquid products derived from the waste plastics pyrolysis. The oil products, if meet the standards requirements, can be used as an alternative fuel. Three configurations of this unit were studied: two condensers system with phase separators (2 CNDR), three condensers system with phase separators (3 CNDR) and .

EVALUATION OF PYROLYSIS OIL FROM PLASTIC AND SOLID .

EVALUATION OF PYROLYSIS OIL FROM PLASTIC AND SOLID .

source is waste biomass such as plastic waste, waste tyres, wood and other solid waste which . There are five commonly used types of pyrolysis reactors, namely: (i) fluidized-bed [15, . Figure 2 is a schematic diagram of the experimental set-up of the pyrolysis unit.

EVALUATION OF PYROLYSIS OIL FROM PLASTIC AND SOLID .

EVALUATION OF PYROLYSIS OIL FROM PLASTIC AND SOLID .

source is waste biomass such as plastic waste, waste tyres, wood and other solid waste which . There are five commonly used types of pyrolysis reactors, namely: (i) fluidized-bed [15, . Figure 2 is a schematic diagram of the experimental set-up of the pyrolysis unit.

Application of Hierarchical MFI Zeolite for the Catalytic .

Application of Hierarchical MFI Zeolite for the Catalytic .

Keywords: Hierarchical MFI Zeolite, Bio-Oil, Catalytic Pyrolysis, BTX Aromatics. 1. INTRODUCTION The importance of alternative energy development has increased rapidly due to high international crude oil prices. Bio-oil has been recognized as a representative renewable energy source and .

CHARACTERISTICS OF THE PYROLYSIS AND GASIFICATION .

CHARACTERISTICS OF THE PYROLYSIS AND GASIFICATION .

source[1]. Worldwidely, polyethylene is the most common used plastics, it takes about 25% . the schematic diagram of the facility. The height of the gasifier is 5m, and the inner diameter . A. Sarkar, Thermal pyrolysis of polypropylene: effect of reflux-condenser on the molecular weight distribution of products. Chemical Engineering Science .

REMOVAL OF WATER FROM BIO-OIL - KIOR, INC.

REMOVAL OF WATER FROM BIO-OIL - KIOR, INC.

Jun 16, 2011 · 1. A process for producing bio-oil, said process comprising: (a) thermochemically converting biomass in a conversion reactor to thereby produce a conversion effluent comprising vapor conversion products; (b) partially condensing at least a portion of said vapor conversion products in a partial condenser to thereby produce a first water-rich overhead stream comprising noncondensable .

Pyrolysis of coconut shell for bio-oil. In This file was .

Pyrolysis of coconut shell for bio-oil. In This file was .

the reactor chamber by opening the feed control valve as shown in Fig.1 Figure 1: Schematic diagram of fixed bed pyrolysis system Then the reactor was purged before experiments by the flow of N2 gas of 6 l/min for 5 min to remove the inside air. The temperature of the reactor was increased to a desired value of 400, 450, 500,550oC or 600oC. During

Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Sciences ISSN: 0974 .

Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Sciences ISSN: 0974 .

Pyrolysis is recognized as a promising technology for bio-oil and bio-char. Bio-oils, one of the pyrolysis products, are usually dark brown organic mobile liquids which have a higher heating value than that of the raw material and can be readily stored and transported.

Production of Gasoline and Diesel from Biomass via Fast .

Production of Gasoline and Diesel from Biomass via Fast .

6. Hydrogen production to support the hydrotreater reactors. Note that the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) is working on feedstock logistics that will eliminate the need for drying and size reduction at the plant. That is, the "as received" feedstock to the pyrolysis plant will be "reactor ready".

High-Efficiency Separation of Bio-Oil | IntechOpen

High-Efficiency Separation of Bio-Oil | IntechOpen

Dec 28, 2011 · The bio-oil used at Zhejiang University was produced from a bench-scale fluidized bed fast pyrolysis reactor (Wang et al., 2008). Crude bio-oil often contains some solid particles, which would abrade the evaporator surface and block the orifice of the dosing funnel, so it is necessary to perform some pre-treatments.

Michigan Technological University Digital Commons .

Michigan Technological University Digital Commons .

Oct 27, 2016 · Figure 2-5-Schematic of the screw kiln pyrolysis apparatus [29]. ... 16 Figure 2-6-Schematic diagram of the continuous feed screw-kiln pyrolysis- gasification/catalytic steam .

AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS FROM LIGNOCELLULOSE BIOMASS .

AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS FROM LIGNOCELLULOSE BIOMASS .

Aug 13, 2015 · Various embodiments of microwave-assisted systems, devices, and associated methods of operation are described herein. In one embodiment, a method for producing a bio-oil from a carbonaceous material includes feeding the carbonaceous material to a pyrolysis reactor, pyrolyzing the carbonaceous material in the reactor to produce a raw bio-oil containing oxidized aromatic .

Pyrolysis of Waste Plastic and use of Plastic Oil as an .

Pyrolysis of Waste Plastic and use of Plastic Oil as an .

Fig 3.1 shows schematic flow diagram of waste plastic and Fig 3.2 shows the photograph of pyrolytic reactor [31]. The pyrolysis process is carried in a reactor where PID controller is used to control the temperature bricks. The reactor is made of. mild steel and to minimize heat losses it is insulated with refractory. The length of reactor is .

Product Characterization and Kinetics of Biomass Pyrolysis .

Product Characterization and Kinetics of Biomass Pyrolysis .

Pyrolysis of biomass including palm shell, palm kernel, and cassava pulp residue was studied in a laboratory free-fall reactor with three separated hot zones. The effects of pyrolysis temperature (250–1050°C) and particle size (0.18–1.55 mm) on the distribution and properties of pyrolysis products were investigated. A higher pyrolysis temperature and smaller particle size increased the .

Experimental Studies on Enhancement of Bio-Oil Production .

Experimental Studies on Enhancement of Bio-Oil Production .

Fig. 1: Schematic diagram of a tubular fixed bed reactor Fig. 2: Pyrolysis set up for bio-oil production diameters of the pipe were 5 cm and 6 cm respectively. biomass materials. Densities of all the selected biomass Biomass was filled in it before starting the reactor and materials were found to .

AIR GASIFICATION OF CHAR DERIVED FROM PONGAMIA DE .

AIR GASIFICATION OF CHAR DERIVED FROM PONGAMIA DE .

the temperature at 6 different locations inside the reactor. The gasifier schematic diagram is shown in Fig 1. Air was supplied by a compressor to the bottom of the reactor through a calibrated rotameter which measures its flow rate. The cyclone separator was provided at the end of the reactor to separate the solid particles in the product gas.

Conceptual Process Design and Techno-Economic Assessment .

Conceptual Process Design and Techno-Economic Assessment .

Oct 06, 2015 · Ex situ catalytic fast pyrolysis of biomass is a promising route for the production of fungible liquid biofuels. There is significant ongoing research on the design and development of catalysts for this process. However, there are a limited number of studies investigating process configurations and their effects on biorefinery economics. Herein we present a conceptual process design with .

EVALUATION OF PYROLYSIS OIL FROM PLASTIC AND SOLID .

EVALUATION OF PYROLYSIS OIL FROM PLASTIC AND SOLID .

source is waste biomass such as plastic waste, waste tyres, wood and other solid waste which . There are five commonly used types of pyrolysis reactors, namely: (i) fluidized-bed [15, . Figure 2 is a schematic diagram of the experimental set-up of the pyrolysis unit.

WO2020008050A1 - Production of hydrocarbon fuels from .

WO2020008050A1 - Production of hydrocarbon fuels from .

The present invention relates to a method for producing fuel and additional hydrocarbons from waste plastic comprising the steps of providing at least one plastic material; exposing said at least one plastic material to a primary cracking to obtain a first hydrocarbon fluid; said first hydrocarbon fluid being a gas; exposing said first hydrocarbon gas to a catalytic hydrogenation to obtain a .

Reduction of Bromine Compounds in the Pyrolysis Oil of .

Reduction of Bromine Compounds in the Pyrolysis Oil of .

i.d. 50 mm) and the glass reflux condenser (length: 350 mm; i.d. 12 mm) were used. The pyrolysis of Br-ABS plastic was performed in a glass reactor under atmospheric pressure in nitrogen gas with a reflux condenser. Approximately, 60 g of Br-ABS were added into the reactor for thermal decomposition. The additives are

IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science .

IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science .

2.2. Pyrolysis experiment The schematic diagram of whole experimental setup is shown in Figure 2. Laboratory scale fixed bed reactor was used in pyrolysis of MSW sample. The reactor was set vertically up and the N 2gas is passed through it for 3 min. The N 2 gas introduced in the reactor from top and after circulating in

Experimental Studies on Enhancement of Bio-Oil Production .

Experimental Studies on Enhancement of Bio-Oil Production .

Fig. 1: Schematic diagram of a tubular fixed bed reactor Fig. 2: Pyrolysis set up for bio-oil production diameters of the pipe were 5 cm and 6 cm respectively. biomass materials. Densities of all the selected biomass Biomass was filled in it before starting the reactor and materials were found to .

Application of Hierarchical MFI Zeolite for the Catalytic .

Application of Hierarchical MFI Zeolite for the Catalytic .

Keywords: Hierarchical MFI Zeolite, Bio-Oil, Catalytic Pyrolysis, BTX Aromatics. 1. INTRODUCTION The importance of alternative energy development has increased rapidly due to high international crude oil prices. Bio-oil has been recognized as a representative renewable energy source and .

TYRE PYROLYSIS AND GASIFICATION TECHNOLOGIES A BRIEF .

TYRE PYROLYSIS AND GASIFICATION TECHNOLOGIES A BRIEF .

The below diagram displays the process schematic for tyre pyrolysis. This is very similar to the process . below is a point in time only and applicable at the time of publication. Table 5: Known tyre pyrolysis facilities (incl. pilot plants) – Australia . tyres. However, transporting and preparing these products for the pyrolysis reactor .

Solar Assisted Fast Pyrolysis: A Novel Approach of .

Solar Assisted Fast Pyrolysis: A Novel Approach of .

The schematic diagram of the fixed bed pyrolysis system is shown in Figure 5. The reactor can be heated externally by the parabolic solar heater along with biomass heating system. The reflected solar rays from the parabolic solar heater that can be used as a heat source for heating the reactor can heat partially the reactor up to 162°C.

Biochar production from palm oil mill residues and .

Biochar production from palm oil mill residues and .

Biochar production from the palm oil mill residues was carried out in a laboratory-scale quartz-fixed bed reactor. The schematic diagram of the apparatus for the fixed bed pyrolysis process is shown in Figure 1. The reactor (90 cm in length and 30 mm in inner diameter) filled with 20 g of biomass was placed in the electric furnace.

c Copyright 2012 [please consult the author]

c Copyright 2012 [please consult the author]

The major component of the system are fixed bed pyrolysis reactor, liquid condenser and liquid collectors. The plum seed in particle form is pyrolysed in an externally heated 7.6 cm diameter and 46 cm high fixed bed reactor with nitrogen as the carrier gas. The reactor is heated by means of a biomass source cylindrical heater from 4000C to .

Distillation - Wikipedia

Distillation - Wikipedia

Distillation is the process of separating the components or substances from a liquid mixture by using selective boiling and condensation.Distillation may result in essentially complete separation (nearly pure components), or it may be a partial separation that increases .